To create a project it is necessary to invest. Basically, you need to have a domain and a hosting service, as we discussed here. However, many people test projects before launching them in the cloud. This is what local servers are for. Through a local server, a user can run his website at no cost and very easily. In this way, he can work and make the necessary changes to his website model until he is 100% sure that it is ready to be launched into cyberspace.
Specifically, software to run a local server is a server that is hosted on a specific computer. That is, it is a computer that has software installed on its system and is used as a web server. With this server, you can work offline and online. It can also be used as a development or testing environment. The available resources belong to the computer. Commonly you can only access the local server through your computer or Internet network.
For our computer to function as a local server, it needs some applications. Among them are an operating system, a type of server, a database application that allows you to create all the databases needed for your project. It also requires a programming technology used on the server.
Fortunately, all these applications were developed after the release of Linux. They are therefore open source. Each of them can be installed separately. Although this is a cumbersome process. This is why we present you with the best software to run local servers, which include and control the whole process.
Among the best known is XAMPP. This package is completely free and, moreover, open-source. It includes the possibility of downloading and installing addons that will allow us, for example, to install Drupal, Joomla!, or WordPress directly on XAMPP. It incorporates an Apache server, a MySQL database management system, and languages such as PHP and Perl. In addition, it offers support for managing FTP accounts, access to databases through PHPMyAdmin, SQLite databases, and several other features. It also includes a Mercury mail server for sending emails, a Tomcat server for JSP servlets, and a FileZilla FTP server.
WampServer is another of the most popular alternatives. Its interface is very simple and straightforward. It includes Apache + MySQL + PHP for Windows, which also includes PHPMyAdmin to manage databases. And web grind as a profiler to analyze the performance of PHP5 applications on our server. It is available only for Windows, both 32 bits and 64 bits.
Like WAMP for Windows, MAMP is the counterpart of Apple’s operating system. MAMP comes with Apache, MySQL and PHP installed and configured by default. In addition, it allows us to switch Apache with Nginx very easily to use this other alternative. It also allows us to enable different web acceleration techniques such as APC, eAccelerator, XCache, and OPcache. In addition, it also offers MAMP Pro, a commercial version with more features. to deploy configurations such as Joomla, Drupal, or WordPress. It is available for Windows and macOS.
Among the most convenient and interesting options is BitNami. It is easy and fast. It has a collection of common web applications, where you can find WordPress, Drupal, Ghost, Django, Moodle, and many others. Each package comes prepared independently, so you just need to download and install it.
It is one of the most complete alternatives. This software is portable, so we can take it anywhere we want with us. It includes the possibility to choose MySQL/MariaDB as database server. In addition to other popular alternatives, such as PostgreSQL and MongoDB. The modules can be activated or deactivated with a click. It even allows us to deploy a large number of servers such as, for example, a WordPress server. This software is only available for Windows.